THE ENRICO FERMI AND GALILEO GALILEI CELEBRATIONS

A TRIBUTE TO THE "ITALIAN NAVIGATOR", FATHER OF THE WEAK FORCES

AND TO GALILEO GALILEI, FOUNDER OF MODERN SCIENCE


INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL OF IUS COMMUNE


22nd Course:

The Formation of a Legal Profession


ERICE-SICILY: 3 - 10 OCTOBER 2002


Sponsored by the:


PROGRAMME AND LECTURERS

 

Confidentiality between Advocate and Client (I)
What is a Legal Profession? (II)

La nascita della professione del giurista nel Medioevo (secoli XII-XIII) (I, II)

The Case of Paris: The Formation of Canonists before 1200 and the Role of Stephen of Tournai (I)
The Case of Paris: The Professionalization of Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction and the Influence of Roman Law after 1200 (II)

Scienza e didattica nelle scuole giuridiche medievali (I, II)

Bartolo da Sassoferrato: i "Commentaria" per la prassi forense e la prassi forense nei "Commentaria" (I, II)

De las "quaestiones disputatae" a los "consilia" (siglos XIII-XV) (I, II)

The Lawyer and the Layman: Two Perspectives on the Rule of Law (I, II)

Corruption in the Courts (I)
The Open-Ended Legal Reasoning of Gratian (II)

Jurists between the Schools and the Courts (I, II)

Le développement du système de l'avocat commis d'office dans le ius commune (XIIe - XIVe s.) (I)
Les avocats auprès des cours ecclésiastiques en France aux XIIIe et XIVe siècles (II)

Die Entwicklung des professionellen Juristenstandes in Deutschland während des Mittelalters (I)
Der Widerstand der territorialen Justiz und Verwaltung gegenüber den aufstrebenden Berufsjuristen - am Beispiel des Fürstentums Bayern im 15. und 16. Jahrhundert (II)


PURPOSE OF THE COURSE

It is difficult in the modern world to imagine a society in which professional lawyers did not exist. Yet around the year 1100 nothing that could reasonably be described as a legal profession had existed in Western Christendom for half a millennium, since the end of the Roman Empire. By 1250, in contrast, professional lawyers were everywhere. Their ranks grew rapidly through succeeding centuries, as did their power, wealth and prestige in both church and civil society. Members of this vigorous new professional class, moreover, were instrumental in transforming nearly every department of European life. This year the International School of Ius Commune will examine the process that produced this fundamental social shift and the consequences that followed it. In the space of a few generations the growing presence of trained lawyers altered the political, social, economic, educational, and cultural life of Europeans in ways whose traces remain visible down to the present day. Lawyers played key roles in the emergence of parliamentary institutions, the conciliar movement, natural rights theories, the universities, to say nothing of centralized, bureaucratic royal and papal governments, in addition to a host of more obviously "legal" developments, such as commercial contracts, property and life insurance, annuities, procedural due process, and a host of others. From the ranks of the lawyers, moreover, emerged princes, popes, and even poets - Cino da Pistoia, for example, was a law professor, Boccaccio studied canon law, Petrarch was trained as a notary, Rabelais and François Villon were one-time law students as, for that matter were Martin Luther and John Calvin.

The 2002 International School of Ius Commune will examine this startling transformation and its aftereffects not only for the legal system of the high and later Middle Ages, but also for the wider society within which the ius commune functioned.

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GENERAL INFORMATION

Persons wishing to attend the School are requested to write to:

 

They should specify:

i) date and place of birth, together with present nationality, current address and telephone number;
ii degree and other academic qualifications;
iii) present position, place of work, and current research activities.

 

There are travel fellowships available for North American law and graduate students and for junior faculty. To apply for a fellowship send a letter and Curriculum Vitae with one letter of recommendation to:

 

Closing date for application: July 15, 2002

No special application form is required

 

Participants should arrive in Erice on October 3, not later than 2 p.m.

 

J.A. BRUNDAGE
DIRECTOR OF THE COURSE

M. BELLOMO - K. PENNINGTON
DIRECTORS OF THE SCHOOL

A. ZICHICHI
DIRECTOR OF THE CENTRE