GALILEO GALILEI FOUNDATION
WORLD FEDERATION OF SCIENTISTS
ETTORE MAJORANA FOUNDATION AND CENTRE FOR SCIENTIFIC CULTURE
GALILEO GALILEI CELEBRATIONS
Four Centuries Since the Birth of MODERN SCIENCE
INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL OF IUS COMMUNE
17th Course: "THE EUROPEAN DIMENSIONS OF THE IUS COMMUNE: FROM SICILY TO SCANDINAVIA, FROM PORTUGAL TO HUNGARY"
Il 'Regnum Siciliae' nel panorama delle istituzioni
giuridiche europee del basso Medioevo
ERICE-SICILY: 7-14 OCTOBER 1998
Sponsored by the:
Direito português e Ius Commune
Polish Law of the Past as Affected by Roman and Canon Law (Middle Ages through Enlightenment). The Survey of Substantial Law and Procedure
Diritto comune e istituzioni baronali nel Regno di Sicilia tra medioevo ed età moderna
Master PP. and the Reception of Roman Law in Paris (I)
"Super Speculam": a Stumbling Block or a Reasonable Regulation? (II)
Ius Commune in Sinclair's Practicks (XVI cent.)
Il diritto comune medievale nella Biblioteca di Seo de Urgel (I)
Lo studio del diritto comune nelle università iberiche dei secoli XVI-XVII (II)
I sinodi nella storia della Polonia
Ius Commune e giurisprudenza nei tribunali italiani agli inizi dell'età moderna
Libri di Ius Commune nelle biblioteche universitarie e forensi del Portogallo, con particolare riferimento al caso di Coimbra
Isländische Eigenkirchenwesen (I)
Rechtsauffassungen und Rechtsänderungen in Europa und Norwegen im Mittelater (II)
The Influence of Ius Commune in Scotland (I)
The Influence of Ius Commune in England (II)
Gratian's Decretum and the Creation of Medieval Legal Science
Ius Commune zu Beginn der ungarischen Rechtsentwicklung und im Mittelalter (I)
Ius Commune im 18.-19. Jahrhundert im Ungarn (II)
From the beginning of the twelfth century, the unity and uniformity of the universal laws, civil and canon, were confronted with the multiplicity and diversity of the iura propria. The historical event that created the Ius commune as the common jurisprudential patrimony of Europe will be investigated with particular attention to the diverse geographical dimensions of the story, both within the Latin and non-Latin traditions.
The course will consider the elements of homogeneity within the Ius commune and the spread throughout Europe of a class of jurists trained in its texts; at the same time, the multifarious aspects of how the iura propria diverged in various localities will be examined.
Consequently, special emphasis will be placed on the relationship between the Ius commune and the iura propria in various legal systems and in their sources of law. Through this comparative perspective, the course will deepen our knowledge of the role of judicial institutions, civil and ecclesiastical, which will permit a special consideration of the relevance of Romano-canonical procedure in the diffusion of a common European juridical culture.
In particular, the legal past of the Kingdom of Sicily will be investigated in comparison with the Arabic world and its culture. Sicily and the Southern Italian peninsula constituted the southern frontier of medieval Europe. These lands were privileged by the development of a new European sense of civic life, and, at the same time, by their position which enabled them to make use of the cultural experiences of Central Europe on one side and that of the Iberian world on the other.
According to legend, Erice, son of Venus and Neptune, founded a small town on top of a mountain (750 metres above sea level) more than three thousand years ago. The founder of modern history &emdash; i.e. the recording of events in a methodic and chronological sequence as they really happened without reference to mythical causes &emdash; the great Thucydides (~500 B.C.), writing about events connected with the conquest of Troy (1183 B.C.) says: «After the seizure of Troy some Troyans on their escape from the Achaei arrived in Sicily on boats and as they settled near the border with the Sicanians all together they were named Elymi: their towns were Segesta and Erice.» This inspired Virgil to describe the arrival of the Troyan royal family in Erice and the burial of Anchise, by his son Enea, on the coast below Erice. Homer (~1000 B.C.), Theocritus (~300 B.C.), Polybius (~200 B.C.), Virgil (~50 B.C.), Horace (~20 B.C.), and others have celebrated this magnificent spot in Sicily in their poems. During seven centuries (XIII-XIX) the town of Erice was under the leadership of a local oligarchy, whose wisdom assured a long period of cultural development and economic prosperity which in turn gave rise to the many churches, monasteries and private palaces which you see today.
In Erice you can admire the Castle of Venus, the Cyclopean Walls (~800 B.C.) and the Gothic Cathedral (~1300 A.D.). Erice is at present a mixture of ancient and medieval architecture. Other masterpieces of ancient civilization are to be found in the neighbourhood: at Motya (Phoenician), Segesta (Elymian), and Selinunte (Greek). On the Aegadian Islands &emdash; theatre of the decisive naval battle of the first Punic War (264-241 B.C.) &emdash; suggestive neolithic and paleolithic vestiges are still visible: the grottoes of Favignana, the carvings and murals of Levanzo.
Splendid beaches are to be found at San Vito Lo Capo, Scopello, and Cornino, and a wild and rocky coast around Monte Cofano: all at less than one hour's drive from Erice.
Persons wishing to attend the School are requested to write to:
Prof. Dr. Manlio BELLOMO
They should specify:
i) date and place of birth, together with present nationality, current address and telephone number;
ii) degree and other academic qualifications;
iii) present position, place of work, and current research activities.
The total fee, including full board and lodging (arranged by the School), is Lit. 1.050.000.
Thanks to the generosity of the sponsoring Institutions, partial support may be accorded to a limited number of deserving students who need financial help, provided a request is explicitly made and properly justified in the application letter.
There are Gladys Krieble Delmas travel fellowships available for North American law and graduate students and for junior faculty. To apply for a fellowship send a letter and Curriculum Vitae with one letter of recommendation to:
Closing date for application: June 30, 1998
No special application form is required
A letter will be sent to successful applicants by July 15, 1998.
Admission to the School will be decided by a Committee consisting of Professors M. Bellomo, K. Pennington, P. Erdö and A. Zichichi.
It is regretted that it will not be possible to allow any person not selected by the Committee of the School to follow the Course.
Participants should arrive in Erice on October 7, no later than 2 p.m. More detailed information will be sent to successful applicants together with the acceptance letter.
DIRECTORS OF THE SCHOOL
DIRECTOR OF THE CENTRE
P. ERDÖ - M. BELLOMO
DIRECTORS OF THE COURSE